Sweden sex contacts

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: claes. Each sample consisted of some — participants aged 16—44 years, stratified by age: 16—17, 18—19, 20—24, 25—34 and 35—44 years. The overall participation rate was : Between andthe proportion of participants holding a restrictive view on sexual intercourse outside a stable relationship decreased ificantly. The surveys since do not show any change in that respect.

The prevalence of several sexual partners increased ificantly throughout the Sweden sex contacts of study. The prevalence of casual sexual intercourse without the use of a condom also increased ificantly from untilbut decreased slightly between and This change in sexual behaviour was more prominent in women than among men.

The prevalence of several sexual partners and casual sexual intercourse without the use of a condom was ificantly higher for the Sweden sex contacts than for the older age cohorts. Additional keywords: casual sexual contacts, multiple sexual partnerships, sexual attitudes, sexually transmissible infections. At the end ofthe adult prevalence 15—49 years of HIV in Sweden was 0. The age range of the newly detected HIV cases in Sweden is commonly 25—39 years.

About half of the HIV cases detected in Sweden between and were refugees or immigrants who had been infected before their arrival in Sweden. Chlamydia is the most prevalent sexually transmissible infection STI in Sweden. Fifty-nine percent of the cases detected in were women. The average age in new cases was slightly over 20 years. Since the mids, the incidence of chlamydia has increased particularly for women aged 15—19 years and men aged 20— Preventive measures against HIV and STI in Sweden are conducted and largely financed by the Swedish public agencies; county councils, youth clinics, medical centres, schools and various voluntary and immigrant organisations are all involved in this work.

During Sweden sex contacts late s, several nationwide information campaigns were undertaken to curb the spread of HIV. Preventive work is now directed towards several identified groups: men who have sex with men, injecting drug users, immigrants Sweden sex contacts high prevalence countries, adolescents and young adults, people who frequently travel abroad, pregnant women, prostitutes and people who are HIV carriers.

In recent years, several trends indicating high-risk sexual behaviour have been observed in Sweden. Apart from the increase in the incidence of chlamydia, there has been an increase in the of abortions among young women, 6 while the use of condoms has remained relatively low. A new national HIV policy was adopted in and improved forms for collaboration and increased coordination are being sought.

Sincethe National Board for Health and Welfare has a mandate for the planning of this work. Heterosexual intercourse is the most common mode of transmission in most countries in the world. Such studies have been carried out in countries with a high prevalence of HIV 2 but also in countries with a lower prevalence. Consequently, these studies lack information concerning the effects of public campaigning to engender safer sexual behaviour. In this study, a series of six cross-sectional studies on sexual behaviour in the general population were undertaken between and in Sweden.

We can thus analyse developments over a long period of extensive efforts by the Swedish authorities to curb the spread of HIV and Sweden sex contacts STI. It is pertinent to ask whether risky sexual activity related to HIV would diminish and whether attitudes to casual sexual intercourse would become more restrictive during the course of the epidemic. Questionnaires were mailed to a random sample of the general population in, and The samples were selected from the SPAR register Swedish abbreviation for State address register of the Sweden sex contacts Swedish populationwhich is an up-to-date register including all persons in the Swedish national registry, regardless of whether they are Swedish citizens or not.

The surveys in, and were based on random samples of individuals age range 16—44 years. The population in each sample was divided into five age strata: 16—17, 18—19, 20—24, 25—34 and 35—44 years. Eight hundred individuals were randomly selected from each stratum. The surveys in and were based on random samples of individuals. The age stratification was the same in these surveys as in the surveys in, andand individuals were randomly selected from each stratum. The age stratification was aimed at comparing adolescents and newly adult individuals v.

We wanted especially to elucidate knowledge and attitudes among adolescents at different ages 16—17 years and 18—19 years. The period of compulsory schooling in Sweden is 9 years and for upper Sweden sex contacts education, a further 3 years.

No further definition of this expression was given in the questionnaire. Each person who was randomly selected for inclusion in the study was sent an information pack including a covering letter explaining the purpose of the study and an 85—item questionnaire with detailed instructions on how to complete and return it. In the covering letter, it was explained that in order to establish a basis for preventive measures against HIV, the purpose of the study was to obtain information about the KABP associated with this infection in the general population.

Information regarding how the answers were to be used was also given. Reminders three at most were sent to respondents who had not replied. In each survey, 70— individuals from the original sample were excluded as they had moved from the country, were unreachable by letter or were deceased.

The overall participation rate related to the net sample was The participation rate was higher in the survey than subsequent surveys, and was the lowest in the survey.

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Table 2 shows s of participants by demographic characteristics. Multiple logistic regression analyses were performed, using stepwise retrograde Sweden sex contacts of dichotomous variables and with odds ratios adjusted for all other sociodemographic variables and for year of survey.

The percentages given are weighted proportions with regard to the size of the population in each age stratum. Table 3 shows the distribution of all the participants in the six surveys by of sexual partners. Ten percent of the respondents reported no sexual partner during the preceding 12 months.

This proportion was much higher in the younger age groups than in the 25—34 and 35—year cohorts, particularly for men. However, greater proportions of the adolescents and young adults reported several sexual partners during the preceding 12 months than did the 25—year-olds. Only 1.

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An exposition of knowledge based HIV prevention in Sweden, directed towards men who have sex with men, is given by Tikkanen. Of the participants in the — surveys, Multiple logistic regression showed that the odds ratio for women to concur was 1.

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Those who were less likely to hold this opinion were men and women in the younger age groups reference group: 35—year-oldssingle persons without a regular partner reference group: married or cohabiting personspersons with an upper secondary schooling or university education reference group: persons with compulsory schooling onlypersons living in small-to-medium towns or urban areas reference group: persons living in rural areas and persons with more than one sexual partner reference group: persons with no sexual partner during the preceding 12 months Table 4.

As evident from Table 4the likelihood of holding a restrictive view on sexual intercourse outside a stable relationship was ificantly lower in the — surveys than in the survey. This trend was evident for both men and women, but particularly for women. The proportion of men who considered that sexual intercourse should only take place in a stable relationship declined from The corresponding proportions for women were Compared withthe odds ratios for men and women in were 0.

The three youngest age cohorts were combined into one age band 16—24 years in the table. The proportions given are weighted percentages. Chi-square tests indicated that all the differences with respect to year of survey are statistically ificant. The age cohorts 25—34 years in and 35—44 years in were at approximately the same age as the cohort 16—24 years in Thus, the study indicates that attitudes to the acceptability of sexual intercourse outside a stable relationship among teenagers or young adults in became successively more liberal as persons at these ages grew older.

Of the sexually active Sweden sex contacts participants, The corresponding proportion for women was 7. Compared with men, the odds ratio for three or more sexual partners for women was 0. For both men and women, the odds ratios for three or more sexual partners during the preceding 12 months were ificantly higher for age cohorts 18—19, 20—24 and 25—34 years compared with the 35—year cohort reference group Table 6.

The differences were greater for women than for men. There was a ificant difference between the female 16—year cohort and the 35—year cohort. For both sexes, the odds ratios for several sexual partners Sweden sex contacts ificantly higher for single persons than for married or cohabiting persons, and for persons living in small-to-medium towns and urban areas, compared with persons living in rural areas. These Sweden sex contacts were greater for men than for women. The odds ratios for several sexual partners were ificantly higher in the — surveys than in the survey Table 6.

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For women, there was also a ificant difference between the and the survey. The differences in the prevalence of several sexual partners between the survey and the — surveys were generally greater for women than for Sweden sex contacts.

There was an increase in the prevalence of several sexual partners throughout the period of study, but the increase was most noticeable during the latter half of the period. Of the sexually active male and female participants, Compared with men reference groupthe odds ratio for UCS for women was 0. According to age, the differences in the prevalence of UCS were similar to those in the prevalence of several sex partners Table 7.

Particularly for women, there were ificant differences between the 35—year cohort and the younger age cohorts. Even concerning residence and relationship status, similar differences appeared as for the prevalence of several sex partners; i.

Sweden sex contacts

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