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Gabapentin capsules, tablets, and oral solution are used along with other medications to help control certain types of seizures in people who have epilepsy.
Gabapentin capsules, tablets, and oral solution are also used to relieve the pain of postherpetic neuralgia PHN; the burning, stabbing pain or aches that may last for months or years after an attack of shingles. Gabapentin extended-release tablets Horizant are used to treat restless legs syndrome RLS; a condition that causes discomfort in the legs and a strong urge to move the legs, especially at night and when sitting or lying down.
Gabapentin is in a class of medications called anticonvulsants. Gabapentin treats seizures by decreasing abnormal excitement in the brain. Gabapentin relieves the pain of PHN by changing the way the body senses pain. It is not known exactly how gabapentin works to treat restless legs syndrome. Gabapentin comes as a Gabapentin tablets what are they for, a tablet, an extended-release long-acting tablet, and an oral solution liquid to take by mouth.
Gabapentin capsules, tablets, and oral solution are usually taken with a full glass of water 8 ounces [ milliliters]with or without food, three times a day. These medications should be taken at evenly spaced times throughout the day and night; no more than 12 hours should pass between doses.
The extended-release tablet Horizant is taken with food once daily at about 5 PM. Follow the directions on your prescription label carefully, and ask your doctor or pharmacist to explain any part you do not understand. Take gabapentin exactly as directed. Do not take more or less of it or take it more often than prescribed by your doctor. Gabapentin extended-release tablets cannot be substituted for another type of gabapentin product. Be sure that you receive only the type of gabapentin that was prescribed by your doctor.
Ask your pharmacist if you have any questions about the type of gabapentin you were given. If your doctor tells you to take one-half of a regular tablet as part of your dose, carefully split the tablet along the score mark. Use the other half-tablet as part of your next dose.
Properly dispose of any half-tablets that you have not used within several days of breaking them. If you are taking gabapentin to control seizures or PHN, your doctor will probably start you on a low dose of gabapentin and gradually increase your dose as needed to treat your condition. If you are taking gabapentin to treat PHN, tell your doctor if your symptoms do not improve during your treatment. Gabapentin may help to Gabapentin tablets what are they for your condition but will not cure it.
Continue to take gabapentin even if you feel well. Do not stop taking gabapentin without talking to your doctor, even if you experience side effects such as unusual changes in behavior or mood. If you suddenly stop taking gabapentin tablets, capsules, or oral solution, you may experience withdrawal symptoms such as anxiety, difficulty falling asleep or staying asleep, nausea, pain, and sweating. If you are taking gabapentin to treat seizures and you suddenly stop taking the medication, you may experience seizures more often.
Your doctor may decrease your dose gradually over at least a week. Your doctor or pharmacist will give you the manufacturer's patient information sheet Medication Guide when you begin treatment with gabapentin and each time you refill your prescription. Read the information carefully and ask your doctor or pharmacist if you have any questions.
Gabapentin is also sometimes used to relieve the pain of diabetic neuropathy numbness or tingling due to nerve damage in people who have diabetesand to treat and prevent hot flashes sudden strong feelings of heat and sweating in women who are being treated for breast cancer or who have experienced menopause ''change of life'', the end of monthly menstrual periods. Talk to your doctor about the risks of using this medication for your condition.
This medication may be prescribed for other uses; ask your doctor or pharmacist for more information. If Gabapentin tablets what are they for forget to take gabapentin capsules, tablets, or oral solution, take the missed dose as soon as you remember it. However, if it is almost time for the next dose or if you forget to take gabapentin extended-release tablets, skip the missed dose and continue your regular dosing schedule. Do not take a double dose to make up for a missed one. Gabapentin may cause other side effects. Call your doctor if you have any unusual problems while taking this medication.
Keep this medication in the container it came in, tightly closed, and out of reach of children. Store the tablets, extended-release tablets, and capsules at room temperature, away from excess heat and moisture not in the bathroom. Store the oral solution in the refrigerator. It is important to keep all Gabapentin tablets what are they for out of sight and reach of children as many containers such as weekly pill minders and those for eye drops, creams, patches, and inhalers are not child-resistant and young children can open them easily.
To protect young children from poisoning, always lock safety caps and immediately place the medication in a safe location — one that is up and away and out of their sight and reach. Unneeded medications should be disposed of in special ways to ensure that pets, children, and other people cannot consume them.
However, you should not flush this medication down the toilet. Instead, the best way to dispose of your medication is through Gabapentin tablets what are they for medicine take-back program. In case of overdose, call the poison control helpline at If the victim has collapsed, had a seizure, has trouble breathing, or can't be awakened, immediately call emergency services at Before having any laboratory test, tell your doctor and the laboratory personnel that you are taking gabapentin. If you use a dipstick to test your urine for protein, ask your doctor which product you should use while taking this medication.
Do not let anyone else take your medication. Ask your pharmacist any questions you have about refilling your prescription. It is important for you to keep a written list of all of the prescription and nonprescription over-the-counter medicines you are taking, as well as any products such as vitamins, minerals, or other dietary supplements. You should bring this list with you each time you visit a doctor or if you are admitted to a hospital. It is also important information to carry with you in case of emergencies.
Gabapentin pronounced as ga' ba pen tin. Why is this medication prescribed? How should this medicine be used? Other uses for this medicine What special precautions should I follow? What special dietary instructions should I follow? What should I do if I forget a dose? What side effects can this medication cause?
What should I know about storage and disposal of this medication? Brand names. Swallow the extended-release tablets whole; do not cut, chew, or crush them.
Other uses for this medicine. What special precautions should I follow? Before taking gabapentin, tell your doctor and pharmacist if you are allergic to gabapentin, any other medications, or any of the inactive ingredients in the type of gabapentin you plan to take. Ask your pharmacist for a list of the inactive ingredients.
Ask your doctor to be sure that you are not taking more than one product that contains gabapentin. Be sure to mention any of the following: antidepressants; antihistamines; medications for anxiety; medications that make you feel dizzy or drowsy; medications for mental illness; naproxen Aleve, Anaprox, Naprosyn, others ; opioid narcotic medications for pain such as hydrocodone in Hydrocet, in Vicodin, othersmorphine Avinza, Kadian, MSIR, othersor oxycodone OxyContin, in Percocet, in Roxicet, others ; sedatives; medications for seizures; sleeping pills, and tranquilizers.
Your doctor may need to change the doses of your medications Gabapentin tablets what are they for monitor you carefully for side effects. If you will be taking the extended-release tablets, also tell your doctor if you need to sleep during the day and stay awake at night. If you become pregnant while taking gabapentin, call your doctor. Do not drive a car or operate machinery until you know how this medication affects you, and your doctor agrees that it is safe for you to begin these activities. Your child may have sudden changes in mood, become hostile or hyperactive, have difficulty concentrating or paying attention, or be drowsy or clumsy.
Have your child avoid activities that could be dangerous, such as riding a bicycle, until you know how gabapentin affects him or her. A small of adults and children 5 years of age and older about 1 in people who took anticonvulsants such as gabapentin to treat various conditions during clinical studies became suicidal during their treatment. Some of these people developed suicidal thoughts and behavior as early as one week after they started taking the medication. There is a risk that you may experience changes in your mental health if you take an anticonvulsant medication such as gabapentin, but there may also be a risk that you will experience changes in your mental health if your condition is not treated.
You and your doctor will decide whether the risks of taking an anticonvulsant medication are greater than the risks of not taking the medication. You, your family, or your caregiver should call your doctor right away if you experience any of the following symptoms: panic attacks; agitation or restlessness; new or worsening irritability, anxiety, or depression; acting on dangerous impulses; difficulty falling or staying asleep; aggressive, angry, or violent behavior; mania frenzied, abnormally excited mood ; talking or thinking about wanting to hurt yourself or end your life; withdrawing from friends and family; preoccupation with death and dying; giving away prized possessions; or any other unusual changes in behavior or mood.
Be sure that your family or caregiver knows which symptoms may be serious so they can call the doctor if you are unable to seek treatment on your own. Unless your doctor tells you otherwise, continue your normal diet. Gabapentin may cause side effects. Tell your doctor if any of these symptoms are severe or do not go away: drowsiness tiredness or weakness dizziness headache uncontrollable shaking of a part of your body double or blurred vision unsteadiness anxiety memory problems strange or unusual thoughts unwanted eye movements nausea vomiting heartburn diarrhea dry Gabapentin tablets what are they for constipation increased appetite weight gain swelling of the Gabapentin tablets what are they for, feet, ankles, or lower legs back or t pain fever runny nose, sneezing, cough, sore throat, or flu-like symptoms ear pain red, itchy eyes sometimes with swelling or discharge Some side effects may be serious.
If you experience any of the following symptoms, call your doctor immediately: rash itching swelling of the face, throat, tongue, lips, or eyes hoarseness difficulty swallowing or breathing seizures difficulty breathing; bluish-tinged skin, lips, or fingernails; confusion; or extreme sleepiness Gabapentin may cause other side effects. Symptoms of overdose may include the following: double vision slurred speech drowsiness diarrhea.
What other information should I know? Keep all appointments with your doctor. Browse Drugs and Medicines.Gabapentin tablets what are they for
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Gabapentin: What to know